Converting solar energy directly into electricity have been experiencing unpresented improvements and commercial applications through a versatile collaboration between the large spectrum of scientific, technological, and industrial communities in the last few decades.
Two decades ago, the cumulative grid-connected photovoltaic power capacity was around 2 GWp and within 20 years it was multiplied by 500 times reaching towards 1000 GWp (1TWp) in 2021. A projection for annual global photovoltaic power installation in 2022 is well over 200GWp.
In the solar belt countries the cost photovoltaic electricity has been lower than that of electricity generation by fossil fuel and nuclear for several years and currently it is also lower than electricity produced by wind power in many regions around the world. Solar tender results across the world support the growing competitiveness of solar technology in the power sectors. In 2020 the level of tenders was below the 1.5 USD cents per kWh and in 2021 the lowest tender was just over 1 USD cents per kWh. The latest development in solar tenders, in April 2022, was a first negative bid of minus 4.13 EUR cents per kWh for a Floating Photovoltaic System in Portugal.
Power Sector in Turkey has also been showing a great interest for photovoltaic power system following the full implementation of the insentives in 2013 which are stated in the 2005 Law. These incentives and practices for photovoltaic power system has undergone continuously revised and the annual growth of the PV installations have been affected by the nature of changes in laws and regulations. Despite all fluctuations, the cumulative photovoltaic installation in Turkey overpassed 8 GWp providing almost 4% of total electricity consumption. This panel would be addressing the each corner of science, technology and industry triangle in the photovoltaic power sector and try to find answers for the questions of end users…